Thursday, July 7, 2011
Goochland County, VA Early Records
"In 1634, the entire occupied territory of Virginia was divided into eight shires, which were to be governed as shires in England. Henricowas one of the eight shires established."  Goochland was founded in 1728 from Henrico shire, and was the first county to split from Henrico (followed by Chesterfield County in 1749). Goochland was named after Sir William Gooch, the royal lieutenant governor from 1727-1749 (the nominal governor, the Earl of Albemarle, remained in England without much authority). At the time of its founding, Goochland included all of the land from Tuckahoe Creek, on both sides of the James River, west to the Blue Ridge Mountains.
As the colonists moved west of Richmond, they first created tobacco plantations, like those of the Tidewater. They depended on the labor of enslaved Blacks to manage its intense cultivation. After the Revolution, tobacco was not so lucrative a crop. In Goochland, as in other areas of Virginia, many planters switched to growing wheat and mixed crops. They continued to rely heavily on the labor of slaves for the full range of plantation tasks.
According to the 1860 Census and Slave Schedules, the total population of the county was 10,656. Of that number, 57.6%, or 6139 people, were enslaved Blacks. By 1870 after theCivil War, the total population decreased slightly to 10,313, but the number of Black freedpeople rose to 6610, or 64% of the total. In later years agricultural work decreased and more people migrated to Richmond and other towns. In the early decades of the 20th century, many Blacks left Virginia in the Great Migration North for better jobs and opportunities. In 2000, they comprised only 26% of Goochland County's population.
The first court in Goochland County was held in May 1728. The exact location of this first court is unknown, but researchers believe that the first courthouse was constructed in Goochland between 1730 and 1737. In the mid-18th century, the location of the first courthouse was moved. Then once more in the early-19th century the courthouse was moved to its current location along Rt. 522 in central Goochland.Churches
In 1720, there were two parishes in Henrico County, St. James and Henrico Parish. When Goochland County was formed, St. James Parish fell within the boundaries on both sides of the James River and westward. When Albemarle County was formed from Goochland in 1744, the Parish was divided into three parishes. St. Anne's Parish covered Albemarle, St. James Southam Parish covered the south side of the river (now Powhatan County), and St. James Northam Parish covered the rest of Goochland.
In St. James Northam Parish there were three original churches, Dover Episcopal, Beaverdam Episcopal, and Lickinghole Epsicopal. Dover was the first, being built in 1724, and it closed sometime after the Revolutionary War. Its exact closing and location are unknown. Beaverdam was located near what is now Whitehall Road, but its exact location is also unknown.
Today there are numerous churches of different denominations including several Episcopal, Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, and non-denominational Christian churches.
Portions of Three Chopt Trail, a Native American trail, run through a large portion of the county. The trail was marked by three hatchet chops in trees to show the way. Modern dayU.S. Route 250 roughly follows this route as it makes its way from Richmond to Charlottesville.
Records Collection Submitted by Deborah Ayers
DOES ANYONE KNOW 19th century MOSES GOINGS?
Moses Goings (b.@1856) married Eliza Brown prior to 1880. Moses and Eliza are found in the 1880 census in Cumberland county VA, age 24 and 20 respectively. In the 1900 census Moses is in Goochland county VA with his wife Augonie. (1890 census destroyed) He reported he had been married to Augonie for 20 years. In 1910 Moses resided in Goochland county next door to his first wife Eliza who lived with their son Willie. Family oral history confirms that my 2x gr. grandfather was known to have had two wives and to have had children by them both. The grandchildren interviewed knew only Eliza. Though the census information does not make it clear, I have family recollection from the Powhatan branch on which of the 10 children belonged to which wife. Moses is said to have played the banjo and was an avid coon hunter. Eliza was an expert at weaving baskets.
We have recently been advised that Moses was from North Carolina and had two brothers there. Reuben and Eli. We are told there was a parting of the ways of the three brothers involving a land dispute. I am looking for verification of this information. Census information is consistent in reporting that Moses and both his parents were born in Virginia, but we all know that much of that information as it pertains to black, mulatto or “ other” populations has to be taken cum grano salis.
The spelling of the family name varies between Goings and Goins throughout the documentation resulting in relatives as close as siblings and first cousins who’s last names are spelled with and without the second “g” .
Moses Goings (@1856-?) m. Eliza Brown (@1860-?) also m. Augonie Goings
1. Thomas Goings (b. Jan. 1881) (also reported as “Ponnocio” and “Tommie”)
2. Winley (Wortherly?) Goings (b. Feb. 1884)
3. Susie Goings (b. May 1886)
4. Willie Goings (b. March 1888)
5. Clarence Goings (b. April 1890)
6. Henrita Goings (b. Feb. 1895)
7. Mary Jane Goings Crump (b. June 1899)
8. Weldon Goings (1903-1985)
9. Golden Goings (1904)
10. Mitchell Goins
1. Thomas Goings (b.1881) m. Mary Ellen Robinson (b. 1881) daughter of Bill Robinson and Bell Austin Robinson on April 7, 1904 in Goochland VA
They had the following children:
11. Patty Goings Jefferson (1905-1951)
12. Louise Goings (1907)
13. Mary Jane Goins (1908)
14. John Thomas Goins (1909)
15. William Goings (1913)
16. Lelia B. Goings (1914)
17. Ruth Goings (1917)
2. Winley (Wortherly) Goings (b. Feb. 1884) married William Austin. “Aunt Wirt’s” name is variously recorded as Wortherly, Winley and Wortly. They had the following children:
18. Florine Austin
19. Daisy Caroline Austin Harris
20. Sydney Austin Edmonds
21. Earl Aaron Austin
22. Matilda Austin Lee
4. Willie Goings (b.March 1888) married Martha Alice Mayo. They had the following children:
23. Raymond Goings
24. Willi P. Goings
25. Ann Goings
26. Clarence Goings
Willie also married Sara Farrow. They had the following children
27. Ressie Mitchell
28. Michael Mitchell
7. Mary Jane Goins Crump (b. June 1899) married Samuel Washington. They had the following children.
29. Virginia Crump Washington
10. Mitchell Goins married Elsie Bolling Goins . They had the following children:
30. John Goins
31. James Goins
32. Mitchell Goins
33. Virginia May Goins Beasley
11. Patty Goins Jefferson (1905-1951) married Major Jefferson. They had the following children :
34. Gertrude Jefferson
35. Ruth Jefferson
36. Lorraine Jefferson
37. Lucille Jefferson
38. Lawrence Jefferson
39. John Jefferson
40. Willie Jefferson
14. John Thomas Goins “Tom” (1909-2006) married Clara Tinsley Goins, daughter of Susan Ann Tinsley . They had eight children.
41. Norman Thomas Goins
42. Elnoral Goins
43. Clara Eisabell Goins
44. Virginia Loretta Goins
45. Linda Faye Goins
46. Larry Donnell Goins
47. Roger Lee Goins
48. David Stevenson Goins
19. Daisy Caroline Austin Harris had a daughter:
49. Daisy Harris
23. Raymond Goings married Rebecca Howell. They had 5 children
There are well over 100 additional descendents and at least 3 more generations. As the Goins’ tend to be long lived, I hesitate publishing any further generations as many members of the few I have listed here are still alive.
Moses lived with his grand-daughters (Reta and Adelaide Dumson) and his son Golden in Byrd Goochland in 1920. Next door his sons Willie and Weldon lived with their mother Eliza. Golden was a sawmill laborer and he and Moses purchased adjoining land in Byrd Goochland. The property remained in the family until the 1950’s when it was sold for back taxes. Weldon Goings never married, but resided in Goochland county most of his life, working for several families throughout the county. He passed away in 1985 and is buried at Faquier Baptist church in Goochland county.
Aunt Wirt married an Austin and she and at least one brother and sister settled in Powhatan county. Her descendants and Willie’s remain there today. The Austin family of Powhatan has compiled a family geneology which intersects with the Goins line at several points.
Thomas raised his family in Goochland and later relocated to Maryland with his brother Clarence. I am told that he re-married there and raised another family after the death of his first wife. Both Thomas and his brother Clarence registered for the draft in 1942 reporting his address in Towson working for Charles Pipe in Glen Arm Baltimore MD. Thomas reported his age as 65. He was 5’3’’, 135 pounds brown eyes, black hair and light complected per his WWII registration card. One of his grandsons resides in Alexandria, VA today. The remainder are in the Richmond, Goochland, Powhatan area. I am unaware of any descendents from his 2nd marriage in Maryland. Thomas’ great and great, great grandsons have spread out a bit further, residing as far away as Colorado, Illinois, Germany and Japan raising families of their own.
We are in search of Moses’ parents. We would also be interested in connecting with the Goins descendents in Maryland.
Household Record 1880 United States Census
Name Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace
Moses GOINS Self M Male MU 24 VA Laborer VA VA
Eliza GOINS Wife M Female B 20 VA Laborer VA VA
Census Place Hamilton, Cumberland, Virginia
Family History Library Film 1255362
NA Film Number T9-1362
Page Number 10D
1900 US Federal Census
Byrd Goochland VA
BirthDate May 1855
Head of House
Fathers Birthplace VA
Mothers Birthplace VA
Spouse's name: Augonie Goings
Marriage Year 1880
Marital Status: Married
Years Married 20
Moses Goings 45
Augonie Goings 44
Ponncio Goings 18 (This name is recorded "Tommie" as well)
Winnlley Goings 16
Susie Goings 14
Willie Goings 12
Clarence Goings 10
Henrita Goings 5
Jane Goings 1
1910 United States Federal Census - Byrd Goochland
Lists Moses Goings age 46 ( Mulatto Male - head of house)
Lleza Goings age 46
Jane Goings age 10
Wellow Goings age 7
Golden Goings age 6
1920 US Federal Census
Byrd Goochland Va
Age: 68 Estimated year of birth 1852
Head of house Father & mothers birthplace VA
Not able to read or write
Reta Dumson 14 (Moses' grandaughter)
Adeline Dumson 12 " "
Golden Goings 18 son
Willie Goings - age 40 head of house single
Welton Goings - brother of Willie age 20 single
Liza Goings Mother of Willie age 64 married