Thursday, July 7, 2011

Goochland County, VA Early Records



Dover Mills, depicted in 1865
"In 1634, the entire occupied territory of Virginia was divided into eight shires, which were to be governed as shires in EnglandHenricowas one of the eight shires established." [4] Goochland was founded in 1728 from Henrico shire, and was the first county to split from Henrico (followed by Chesterfield County in 1749). Goochland was named after Sir William Gooch, the royal lieutenant governor from 1727-1749 (the nominal governor, the Earl of Albemarle, remained in England without much authority). At the time of its founding, Goochland included all of the land from Tuckahoe Creek, on both sides of the James River, west to the Blue Ridge Mountains.[1]
As the colonists moved west of Richmond, they first created tobacco plantations, like those of the Tidewater. They depended on the labor of enslaved Blacks to manage its intense cultivation. After the Revolution, tobacco was not so lucrative a crop. In Goochland, as in other areas of Virginia, many planters switched to growing wheat and mixed crops. They continued to rely heavily on the labor of slaves for the full range of plantation tasks.
According to the 1860 Census and Slave Schedules, the total population of the county was 10,656. Of that number, 57.6%, or 6139 people, were enslaved Blacks. By 1870 after theCivil War, the total population decreased slightly to 10,313, but the number of Black freedpeople rose to 6610, or 64% of the total. In later years agricultural work decreased and more people migrated to Richmond and other towns. In the early decades of the 20th century, many Blacks left Virginia in the Great Migration North for better jobs and opportunities. In 2000, they comprised only 26% of Goochland County's population.

[edit]Goochland Courthouse

The first court in Goochland County was held in May 1728. The exact location of this first court is unknown, but researchers believe that the first courthouse was constructed in Goochland between 1730 and 1737. In the mid-18th century, the location of the first courthouse was moved.[4] Then once more in the early-19th century the courthouse was moved to its current location along Rt. 522 in central Goochland.
In 1720, there were two parishes in Henrico County, St. James and Henrico Parish. When Goochland County was formed, St. James Parish fell within the boundaries on both sides of the James River and westward. When Albemarle County was formed from Goochland in 1744, the Parish was divided into three parishes. St. Anne's Parish covered Albemarle, St. James Southam Parish covered the south side of the river (now Powhatan County), and St. James Northam Parish covered the rest of Goochland.[4]
In St. James Northam Parish there were three original churches, Dover Episcopal, Beaverdam Episcopal, and Lickinghole Epsicopal. Dover was the first, being built in 1724, and it closed sometime after the Revolutionary War. Its exact closing and location are unknown. Beaverdam was located near what is now Whitehall Road, but its exact location is also unknown.
Today there are numerous churches of different denominations including several Episcopal, Baptist, Methodist, Presbyterian, and non-denominational Christian churches.

[edit]Three Chopt

Portions of Three Chopt Trail, a Native American trail, run through a large portion of the county. The trail was marked by three hatchet chops in trees to show the way. Modern dayU.S. Route 250 roughly follows this route as it makes its way from Richmond to Charlottesville.
Records Collection Submitted by Deborah Ayers

 Moses Goings  (b.@1856)  married Eliza Brown prior to 1880.   Moses and Eliza are found in the 1880 census in Cumberland county VA, age 24 and 20 respectively.     In the 1900 census Moses is in Goochland county  VA with his wife Augonie.   (1890 census destroyed)   He reported he had been married to Augonie for 20 years.   In 1910 Moses resided in Goochland county next door to his first wife Eliza who lived with their son Willie.    Family oral history  confirms that my 2x gr. grandfather was known to have had two wives and to have had children by them both.   The grandchildren interviewed knew only Eliza.      Though the census information does not make it clear, I have family recollection from the Powhatan branch on which of the 10 children belonged to which wife.    Moses is said to have played the banjo and was an avid coon hunter.    Eliza was an expert at weaving baskets.
We have recently been advised that Moses was from North Carolina and had two brothers there.   Reuben and Eli.  We are told there was a parting of the ways of the three brothers involving a land dispute.    I am looking for verification of this information.   Census information is consistent in reporting that Moses and both his parents were born in Virginia, but we all know that much of that information as it pertains to  black, mulatto or  “ other”  populations  has to be taken  cum grano salis.   
The spelling of the family name varies between  Goings and Goins throughout the documentation resulting in relatives as close as  siblings and first cousins who’s last names are spelled with and without the second “g” .   
Moses Goings (@1856-?)   m.   Eliza Brown (@1860-?)    also      m.  Augonie Goings
1. Thomas Goings (b. Jan. 1881)    (also reported as “Ponnocio” and “Tommie”)
2. Winley (Wortherly?) Goings  (b. Feb. 1884)
3. Susie Goings  (b. May 1886)
4. Willie Goings  (b. March 1888)
5. Clarence Goings (b. April 1890)
6. Henrita Goings (b. Feb. 1895)
7. Mary Jane Goings Crump (b. June 1899)
8. Weldon Goings (1903-1985)
9. Golden Goings (1904)
10. Mitchell Goins

1.        Thomas Goings  (b.1881)  m.  Mary Ellen Robinson (b. 1881)  daughter of Bill Robinson and Bell Austin Robinson  on April 7, 1904 in Goochland  VA
They had the following children:
11.   Patty Goings Jefferson  (1905-1951)
12.   Louise Goings (1907)
13.   Mary Jane Goins (1908)
14.   John Thomas Goins (1909)
15.   William Goings (1913)
16.   Lelia B. Goings (1914)
17.   Ruth Goings (1917)

2.        Winley (Wortherly)  Goings  (b. Feb. 1884)  married William Austin.   “Aunt Wirt’s” name is variously recorded as Wortherly, Winley and Wortly.  They had the following children:
18.   Florine  Austin
19.   Daisy Caroline Austin Harris
20.   Sydney Austin Edmonds
21.   Earl Aaron  Austin
22.   Matilda Austin Lee

4. Willie Goings (b.March 1888)  married Martha Alice Mayo.  They had the following children:
23.   Raymond Goings
24.   Willi P. Goings
25.   Ann Goings
26.   Clarence Goings  
Willie also married Sara Farrow.  They had the following children
27.    Ressie Mitchell
28.   Michael Mitchell 

7.       Mary Jane Goins Crump  (b. June 1899)  married Samuel Washington.  They had the following children.
29. Virginia Crump Washington  

10.   Mitchell Goins married Elsie Bolling Goins .  They had the following children:

30.    John Goins
31.   James Goins
32.   Mitchell Goins
33.   Virginia May Goins Beasley 

3RD  Generation

 11.     Patty Goins Jefferson (1905-1951) married Major Jefferson.  They had the following children :
34.   Gertrude Jefferson
35.    Ruth Jefferson
36.   Lorraine Jefferson
37.    Lucille Jefferson
38.   Lawrence Jefferson
39.   John Jefferson
40.   Willie Jefferson

14.  John Thomas Goins  “Tom” (1909-2006) married Clara Tinsley Goins, daughter of Susan Ann Tinsley .  They had eight children.
41.   Norman Thomas Goins
42.   Elnoral Goins 
43.   Clara Eisabell Goins 
44.    Virginia Loretta Goins
45.    Linda Faye Goins
46.   Larry Donnell Goins
47.    Roger Lee Goins
48.    David Stevenson Goins

19.    Daisy Caroline Austin Harris had a daughter:
                 49.   Daisy Harris

23.  Raymond Goings married Rebecca Howell.  They had 5 children
50.  Barbara   
52.  Raymond  
53. Earnest  
54. Charles

There are well over 100 additional descendents and at least 3 more generations.  As the Goins’ tend to be long lived, I hesitate publishing any further generations as many members of the few I have listed here are still alive. 
Moses lived with his grand-daughters (Reta and Adelaide Dumson)  and his son Golden in Byrd Goochland   in 1920.   Next door his sons Willie and Weldon lived with their mother Eliza.   Golden was a sawmill laborer and he and Moses purchased adjoining land in Byrd Goochland.    The property remained in the family until the 1950’s  when it was sold for back taxes. Weldon Goings never married, but resided in Goochland county most of his life, working for several families throughout the county.   He passed away in 1985 and is buried at Faquier Baptist church in Goochland county.
Aunt Wirt married an Austin and she and at least one brother and sister settled in Powhatan county.  Her descendants and Willie’s remain there today.    The Austin family of Powhatan has compiled a family geneology  which intersects with the Goins line at  several points. 
Thomas raised his family in Goochland and later relocated to Maryland with his brother Clarence.  I am told that he re-married there and raised another family after the death of his first wife.   Both Thomas and his brother Clarence registered for the draft in 1942  reporting  his  address in  Towson working for Charles Pipe in Glen Arm Baltimore MD.  Thomas reported  his age as 65.    He was 5’3’’, 135 pounds brown eyes, black hair and light complected per his WWII registration card.    One of his grandsons resides in Alexandria, VA today.     The remainder are in the Richmond, Goochland, Powhatan area.    I am unaware of any descendents from his 2nd marriage in Maryland.     Thomas’ great and great, great grandsons have spread out a bit further, residing as far away as Colorado, Illinois, Germany and Japan raising families of their own.
 We are in search of Moses’ parents.   We would also be interested in connecting with the Goins descendents in Maryland.

  Household Record  1880 United States Census 

 Name  Relation Marital Status Gender Race Age Birthplace Occupation Father's Birthplace Mother's Birthplace
 Moses GOINS   Self   M   Male   MU   24   VA   Laborer   VA   VA 
 Eliza GOINS   Wife   M   Female   B   20   VA   Laborer   VA   VA 

Source Information:
  Census Place Hamilton, Cumberland, Virginia
  Family History Library Film   1255362
  NA Film Number   T9-1362
  Page Number   10D       

1900 US Federal Census
Byrd Goochland VA

Moses Goings
Age 45
BirthDate May 1855
Birthplace Va
Race Black
Gender Male
Head of House
Fathers Birthplace VA
Mothers Birthplace VA
Spouse's name:  Augonie Goings
Marriage Year 1880
Marital Status: Married
Years Married 20
Moses Goings   45
Augonie Goings  44
Ponncio Goings  18    (This name is recorded "Tommie" as well)
Winnlley Goings 16
Susie Goings    14
Willie Goings   12
Clarence Goings 10
Henrita Goings   5
Jane Goings      1

1910 United States Federal Census   -  Byrd  Goochland
Lists Moses Goings age 46   ( Mulatto Male - head of house)
      Lleza Goings age 46

Jane Goings    age 10
Wellow Goings  age 7
Golden Goings  age 6

1920 US Federal Census  
Byrd Goochland Va  

Age: 68  Estimated year of birth 1852
Head of house Father & mothers birthplace VA
Own home 
Not able to read or write
Household members:

Reta Dumson  14   (Moses' grandaughter)
Adeline Dumson 12  "   "
Golden Goings 18   son  


Willie Goings - age 40 head of house single
Welton Goings - brother of Willie age 20 single
Liza Goings  Mother of Willie age 64 married  

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