Thursday, December 13, 2007

Granville County, NC Early Records

Granville Co., NC came from Edgecombe in 1746

This is only a partial list of records. I am still compiling all the land records and court cases. Please check back for updates.

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From: http://freeafricanamericans.com/Granville.htm

1748 (ca.) [penciled notation], list of Jonathan White (part torn)
John Going 1 tithe

1750 Relatively complete lists, but not providing racial breakdown and not naming the subsidiary tithes in most cases.
List of Edwd. Jones
Michel Gooin 2

1751 (Lists do not seem to be complete, and give no racial breakdown, but do appear to tax mixed-race wives in most cases
List of Saml Henderson
William Going 2

1753 List of Robert Harris ("one of his lists")
George Anderson 0 1
William Going and his son 2 0
Robt. Mitchell, John Going 2 tithes
List of Osborn Jeffreys
Robert Davis 0 1
Thomas Going 1 1
Michal Going 0 1
Edward Going 0 1
List of Lemuel Lanier
Thomas Going 1
Michall Going 1
Michall Going 1

1754 List of Osborn Jeffreys
Michal Going 1 0
Thomas Going 0 1

1755 summary list (from microfilm) C.044.70012 NC Archives
Thomas Going 0/1/1
Edward Gowen 0/1/1
Michael Gowen 0/1/1
Joseph Gowen 0/1/1
William Going & Son Joseph 2/0/2
William Going & Son Joseph 2/0/2

1757 The tax lists are well preserved for this year, but mostly do not give racial identity directly.
List of Richard Harris
William Gowen List Son Joseph & William 3 0
List of Samuel Henderson
Joseph Gowen 1
Gideon Gowen 1
List of Gid. Macon
Thos: Goeing, Jno. Seemore [torn]
List Retd. by William Johnson [shf.]: perhaps insolvents
Goin, Chrisr. 1

1758 List of Jas. Yancey
William Gowing Son William 2 0

1759 List very incomplete
List of John Pope
Joseph Goin, Mulattoe 1
Edward Goin, Mulattoe 1
Thomas Goin, William Gray White 2
James Goin Mulattoe, William Goin Mulattoe 2
Michael Goin, Mulattoe, John Wilson, Mulattoe 2
Delinquent and insolvent list
Going, James 2

1761 whites/Blacks male/Blacks f/ Blacks 12-16
List of John Pope
Thomas, Moses Gowin. Refuses to List his wife 2 tithes
Michael Gowin, John Wilson. Refuses to list his wife 2
Joseph Gowin. Refuses to list his wife 1
List of Robt. Harris for Granville Parish
Edward Going sons Edwd. Reeps 0 white/3black males
Country Line District by Larkin Johnston
William Gowin, James Gowin 2
William Gowin Junr, Jesse Chandlor 2

1762 Bare Swamp District
List of John Pope for St. Johns Parish
Michael Gowin, Mulattoe, John Willson2 tithes
Thomas Gowin, Moses Gowin 2
Edward Gowin Senr. Mulla., Reps Gowin, Edward Gowin 3
Fishing Creek District
James Gowing, Son William, Refs. to list his wife
2 whites, 0 blacks, 2 males, 0 females, 2 over 16, 2 total
Country Line District
William Gowin Junr 2 white
Granville Parish by Robert Harris
Joseph Going Mulato not listed his wife
list of insolvents
Gowen, James 2
Going, Michael 2
Going, Edward 2
Going, Jos. 1

list of insolvents for 1762 taxremaining in arrears as of
7 Sept. 1771
Gowen, Michael 2
Gowen, Edward 3
Gowen, Joseph 1

1763 only a few lists extant
List of Insolvents
Gowen, James 2
Going, Edward 2
Going, Wm. 1 Rong listed 1

1764 Good lists survive. In most all districts the categories are
Yancey's List ( part missing)
Gowen, Joseph 1-0-0-0
Gowen, William 1-0-0-0
List of Robert Harris
Cape, John and William Gowen 2-0-0-0

List of Samuel Benton (extant in two forms, one alphabetized. The unalphabetized list os given, but this is damaged in some places ane is supplemented from the other list, in square brackets.

Jas. Gowen, James Lunceford 2-0-0-0
List of John Pope(categories as in Benton's lists)
Going, Thomas & Moses 2-0-0-0
Going, Joseph & James Harrison Molatto 1-1-0-0
Going, Edward & Edward Molatto 0-2-0-0
List of insolvents
Gowen, Jos. 2
Gowen, James 2

1765 William Burford's District
William Going Molatto not listed 2
County Line district by James Yancy
Joseph Gions 1, 0
Wm. Gions 1,0

1766 Box CR 44.601.20 1766 gives alphabetical summary only:
Goin, Joseph 2
Gowin, Thomas 1
Gowing, Joseph 1
Gowin, Edward 1
Gowin, Reps 1
Memo of those as has not listed with John Pope
Joseph Gowin (Mullattoe, has a wife and other Family not listed)
Edward Gowin (Mullattoe, has a wife &c not listed)

1767 list of Philips Pryor
Joseph Gowen, Presley Harrison John Cunningham, Minor Cockram 4w, 0B
list of John Pope (white, Black male, Black female)
Thomas Gowin 2-0-0
Moses Gowin 1-0-0
Joseph Gowin 0-2-0
Edward Gowin 0-1-0
Edward Gowin Jr.0-1-0
Separate List later in reel, Philip Pryors List
Joseph Gowen Prisly Morrison John Cunningham Minor Cocer? 4 white

1768 list of John Pope
Thomas Gowin, John Gowin, Alston Hopkins 3 tithes
Moses Gowin [torn]
Joseph Gowin his Nat 2

1769 summary list from microfilm white/ Black/ Carriage wheels
Gowen, Thomas 3/0/0
Gowen, Moses 2/0/0
Gowen, William 1/0/0
Gowen, Edward 0/1/0

1771 Granville Taxables, summary from microfilm
Gowin, Thomas 2
Gowin, Moses1
Gowin, John 1
Gowin, Edward 1
Gowin, Joseph 2
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Colonial Taxation Cases from http://freeafricanamerican.com/

North Carolina
A 1738 North Carolina defined tithables as, "every white Person Male of the age of Sixteen Years and upwards all Negroes Mulattoes Mustees Male or female and all Persons of Mixt Blood to the fourth Generation Male and Female of the Age of Twelve Years and upwards" http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/sections/hp/colonial/editions/Acts/tithable.htm

In 1749 the law was amended to include all white Persons intermarrying with any Negro, mulatto, or mustee, or other Person of mixt Blood" [NCGSJ IV:218-9].

Joseph, Thomas and Michael Gowen refused to list their wives in Granville County in 1761, but Michael listed his wife and daughter in Bute County in 1771 [CR 44.701.23; 1771 List of Tithables, p.11].

Edward Gowen was prosecuted in Edgecombe County in August 1756 for concealing his tithables and refused to list his wife in Granville County in 1765, but he listed his wife in Bute County in 1771 [Haun, Edgecombe County Court Minutes, I:131; CR 44.601.23].

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From North Carolina State Archives: http://www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/archives/

Title: Barrett, Jonathan. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey
Box: Granville County, A-Be
Years: 1760, 1754
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: S.108.270--S.108.283
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.12.25.41 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Land entries, Warrants, Plats, Deeds
Scope / Contents: Land Entry: 1760 April 21. 700 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Island Creek, Nathaniel Henderson. Warrant: 1754 January 30. 640 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Thomas Cook, Spewmarrow Creek Plat: 1754 May 28. 645 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Spewmarrow Creek, Thomas Cook, William Gowing
Chain carriers: William Gregg, John Ozbin
Surveyor: Sherwood Haywood Deed: 1760 November 28


Title: Gowen, James. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Granville Grants of Deed
Box: Granville Co.
Years: 1760
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: SSLG 61J
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.13.61.27 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Deeds, Plats, Indexes
Scope / Contents: November 29, 1760 529 acres Location: On Whartons Branch beginning at a red oak 2 copies Deed #114


Title: Gowen, William. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Granville Grants of Deed
Box: Granville Co.
Years: 1762
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: SSLG 40A
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.13.40.1 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Deeds, Plats, Indexes
Scope / Contents: February 6, 1762 640 acres Location: Both sides of Spewmarrow Creek 2 copies Deed #28

Title: Gowen, William. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Granville Grants of Deed
Box: Granville Co.
Years: 1760
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: SSLG 40A
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.13.40.2 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Deeds, Plats, Indexes
Scope / Contents: December 2, 1760 667 acres Location: Beginning at a pine 2 copies Deed #160


Title: Gowen, William. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Granville Grants of Deed
Box: Granville Co.
Years: 1760
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: SSLG 40A
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.13.40.3 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Deeds, Plats, Indexes
Scope / Contents: December 2, 1760 650 acres Location: Beginning at a white oak on Charles Harris’s line 2 copies Deed #150


Title: Gowin, William. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey
Box: Granville County, Go-Har
Years: 1758, 1760
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.12.30.4 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Warrants, Plats, Deeds
Scope / Contents:
Warrant: 1758 September 4. 640 acres.
Descriptive references for land: James Yaneres, Jonathan Creek Plat: 1760 May 21. 667 acres.
Descriptive references for land: none
Chain carriers: James Gowin, John Hart
Surveyor: Thomas Person Deed: 1760 December 2
Note: Warrant validated for six additional months on February 12, 1760, because its execution had been prevented by the “late Disturbances.” For deed see 12.13.40.2.


Title: Gowin, William. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey
Box: Granville County, Go-Har
Years: 1758, 1760
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.12.30.5 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Warrants, Plats, Deeds
Scope / Contents:
Warrant: 1758 September 4. 640 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Dogwood Spring Branch, Robert
Harrison Plat: 1760 May 21. 650 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Charles Harris, Dogwood Spring
Branch
Chain carriers: Robert Harrison, James Gowin
Surveyor: Thomas Person Deed: 1760 December 2
Note: Warrant validated for six additional months on February 7, 1760, because its execution had been prevented by the “late Disturbances.” For deed see 12.13.40.3.


Title: Gowin, William. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey
Box: Granville County, Go-Har
Years: 1758, 1760
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.12.30.6 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Warrants, Plats, Deeds
Scope / Contents:
Warrant: 1758 September 4. 640 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Aarons Creek, Spring Branch Plat: 1760 May 21. 630 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Aarons Creek
Chain carriers: John Pettypool, John Senford
Surveyor: Thomas Person Deed: 1760 December 2
Note: Warrant validated for six additional months on February 7, 1760, because its execution had been prevented by the “late Disturbances.”


Title: Gowin, William. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey
Box: Granville County, Go-Har
Years: 1761, 1762
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.12.30.7 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Land entries, Warrants, Plats, Deeds
Scope / Contents: Land Entry: 1761 March 4. 700 acres.
Descriptive references for land: William Allen, Drewry Allen, James
Smith, Jonathan Barret Warrant: 1761 March 4. 700 acres.
Descriptive references for land: William Allen, Drewry Allen, James
Smith, Jonathan Barret. Plat: 1761 August 27. 640 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Spewmarrow Creek
Chain carriers: John McCargan, William Allen, Jr.
Surveyor: Thomas Person Deed: 1762 February 6.


Title: Gowing, Joseph. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Granville Grants of Deed
Box: Granville Co.
Years: 1760
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: SSLG 39H
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.13.39.28 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Deeds, Plats, Indexes
Scope / Contents:
December 1, 1760 680 acres Location: Both sides of Taylors Creek 2 copies Deed #199


Title: Harrison, Robert. Granville Co.
Provenance:
Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey
Box: Granville County, Go-Har
Years: 1763
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.12.30.83 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Warrants, Plats, Plats
Scope / Contents:
Warrant: 1763 February 2. 700 acres.
Descriptive references for land: William Gowin, Charles Harris,
William Royster Plat: 1763 May 24. 700 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Jonathans Creek, Charles Harris,
William Gowin
Chain carriers: John James, John Pendergrass
Surveyor: Thomas Person Grant not ripened

Title: Mills, Robert. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey
Box: Granville County, Mas-My
Years: 1757, 1760
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.12.34.17 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Warrants, Plats, Deeds
Scope / Contents:
Warrant: 1757 November 10. 640 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Tar River, Thomas Jones Plat: 1760 May 21. 369 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Tar River
Chain carriers: Thomas Adderson, Joseph Going
Surveyor: Thomas Person Deed: 1760 December 2
Note: Warrant validated for six additional months on February 7, 1760, because its execution had been prevented by the “late Disturbances.” For deed see 12.13.48.27.


Title: Moore, John. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey
Box: Granville County, Mas-My
Years: 1761, 1762
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.12.34.52 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Land entries, Warrants, Deeds
Scope / Contents: Land Entry: 1761 January 19. 700 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Jonathan Creek, William Gowing Warrant: 1761 January 19. 700 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Jonathan Creek, Drewry Smith.
William Gowing Deed: 1762 January 4


Title: Yancey, James. Granville Co.
Provenance: Class: State Records [Collection]
Group: Secretary of State Record Group
Series: Granville Proprietary Land Office: Land Entries, Warrants, and Plats of Survey
Box: Granville County, Wh-Z
Years: 1754, 1755, 1760
Creator: Secretary of State, Office ofGranville Proprietary Land OfficeSecretary, Office of the
Call Number: S.108.270—S.108.283
Location: MFR
MARS Id: 12.12.40.66 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Warrants, Warrants, Plats, Deeds
Scope / Contents:
Warrant: 1754 October 29. 640 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Jonathan Creek Warrant: 1754 October 29. 640 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Jonathan Creek Plat: 1755 February 14. 618 acres.
Descriptive references for land: Jonathan Creek
Chain carriers: John Gowing, Bartlet Yancey
Surveyor: Sherwood Haywood Deed: 1760 March 14.
Note: The first warrant (no. 321) is marked “Now Land to be found.” For deed see 12.13.61.16.


Title: File No. 1078, James Going
Parent Records: State Records
Secretary of State Record Group
Land Office: Land Warrants, Plats of Survey, and Related Records
Granville County
Years: 1760
Call Number: S.108.718; Frames:201-202
Site: Archives Search Room (Raleigh)
MARS Id: 12.14.66.1120 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Plats
Land Grant Info: Acres: 229
Grant Number: 114
Issued: Nov. 29, 1760
Book, Page: 14:108
Location: On Whartons Branch


Title: File No. 283, William Gowen
Parent Records: State Records
Secretary of State Record Group
Land Office: Land Warrants, Plats of Survey, and Related Records
Granville County
Years: 1760
Call Number: S.108.717; Frames:679
Site: Archives Search Room (Raleigh)
MARS Id: 12.14.66.281 (Folder)
Personal Names: Gowen, William, Harris, Charles
Note: There were no documents in the shuck at time of filming.
Land Grant Info: Acres:650
Grant Number: 150
Issued: Dec. 2, 1760
Book, Page: 11:365
Location: Beginning at a white oak on Charles Harris line


Title: File No. 284, William Gowen
Parent Records: State Records
Secretary of State Record Group
Land Office: Land Warrants, Plats of Survey, and Related Records
Granville County
Years: 1760
Call Number: S.108.717; Frames:680
Site: Archives Search Room (Raleigh)
MARS Id: 12.14.66.282 (Folder)
Personal Names:
Gowen, William
Land Grant Info: Acres:667
Grant Number: 160
Issued: Dec. 2, 1760
Book, Page: 11:365
Location: Beginning at pine running Et. 340 pole

Title: File No. 294, Joseph Gowing
Parent Records: State Records
Secretary of State Record Group
Land Office: Land Warrants, Plats of Survey, and Related Records
Granville County
Years: 1760
Call Number: S.108.717; Frames:690-693
Site: Archives Search Room (Raleigh)
MARS Id: 12.14.66.292 (Folder)
Genres / Forms: Warrants, Plats
Land Grant Info:
Acres: 680
Grant Number: 199
Issued: Dec. 1, 1760
Book, Page: 11:367
Location: On both sides Taylors Creek beginning at a hick

Title: File No. 298, William Gowen
Parent Records: State Records
Secretary of State Record Group
Land Office: Land Warrants, Plats of Survey, and Related Records
Granville County
Years: 1762
Call Number: S.108.717; Frames:697
Site: Archives Search Room (Raleigh)
MARS Id: 12.14.66.296 (Folder)
Land Grant Info: Acres:640
Grant Number: 28
Issued: Feb. 6, 1762
Book, Page: 11:368
Location: On both sides of Spew marrow Creek


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8 Oct 1754, Muster roll of the regiment in Granville, under the command of Colo William Eaton, as taken at a general muster of the said regiment on Oct 8, 1754William Person, Lieut. Col.James Paine, Major

Capt Osborn Jeffrey's Company:
78. THOMAS GOWAN - Malatto
79. MICHAEL GOWAN - Malatto
80. EDWARD GOWAN - Malatto

Capt John Sallis' Company:
47. WILLIAM GOWEN
78. JOSEPH GOWEN

1771, List of Granville Co Militia.
Company of Capt Sol. Alston, dec'd.
Soldiers:
THOMAS GOING, Sen
THOMAS GOING, Jun
JOHN GOING
MOSES GOING
JOSEPH GYNE
EDWARD GYNE, absent
NATHANIEL GYNE
Capt Sol. Alston now dead, returned by his Lt Sol. Fuller.
(Clark, Walter. Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of NC, The State Records of NC, Vol XXII, p 162, 1907)
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3 Jun 1778, Granville Co Will Bk 1, p 193. Deed of Gift-MICHAEL GOWIN of Pr Geo Parish, Craven Co, SC, planter, for love & good will, to JENKINS GOWIN of Granville Co, NC, 80 acres being part of 600 ac lying and being in Bute Co, NC & part in Granville Co, NC at William McBees line on south side of Taylor's Creek, EDWIN GOWIN & his wife to live on sd land until their dec'd, then to sd JENKINS GOWIN. Wits: John McKipock (McKissock), William McBee. (Johnson, NC Genealogy, Spring-Summer 1970, p 2503. Also, Gwynn, Abstracts of the Wills and Estate Records of Granville Co, NC, 1746-1808, 1973, p 60. Bk 1, p 193-4)

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From: http://www.freeafricanamericans.com/revolution.htm

Charles Barnett was a "mulatto" who enlisted in Charlottesville in the 7th Virginia Regiment. Sharod Going testified that he was with him at Chesterfield Courthouse. In 1800 he moved to Carter County, Tennessee, then to Georgia, and to Granville County, North Carolina, about 1808 [Dorman, Virginia Revolutionary Pension Applications, IV:87]. He obtained a certificate of freedom in Albemarle County on 2 August 1796: a Dark mullatto man aged about thirty years, of a yellow complexion, five feet seven and three quarter inches high, having proved to the satisfaction of this Court that he was born a free man within this County [Orders 1795-8, 137].

Jenkins Goins was a seventeen-year-old "mullato" who enlisted in Captain John Rust's Company of Granville County militia in 1778 [The North Carolinian VI:726 (Mil. TR 4-40)].

Reeps Goins was taxable in the Granville County household of his father Edward Goins in 1761 (with his brother Edward). He was called Rapes Going when he enlisted in the Second South Carolina Regiment under Captain Thomas Hall on 1 July 1779 [Moss, Roster of S.C. Patriots in the American Revolution, 367].


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Revolutionary War Pension Application for Edward Going.
Transcribed by Tracy Hutchison.
Not to be copied or reproduced in any format for profit.


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State of North Carolina County of Granville

First Munday of Agt. 1832
Personly appeared in open court before the worshipful the justice of the court of Pleas and quarter sessions for the county of aforesaid mow sitting Edward Going a resident of sd. County aged between 90 and 100 years who being first duly sworn according to law doth on his oath make the following declaration in order to obtain the benefit of the act of Congress passed June 7th 1832 – thathe entered the army of the United States in the war of the Revolution under the following circumstances (to wit).

He enlisted under Robert Temples as Captain at Warren Court house in the state of North Carolina at what time he does not recollect but that he did enlist in the nine months service, was marched from Warren Court house to Halifax, where he joined the regular troops in the 5th Regiment under Colonel Pink Eaton Mumford, he was stationed at Halifax about two months, he was marched from there to Kingston or Elizabeth town on Heare River where he was stationed from six to eigth weeks, from there he marched to Leesburg on Savanna River where he was stationed from one to two months, then marched from there up the river to a place called the black swamp, where he was taken sick and sent from there to the Hospital in Charleston where he lay seven or eight weeks. Then he was removed over the Ashby River to Sullivan wants Island where he remained about three weeks when he was furtowed and directed to come home, his time of service being nearly out. After being at home a few days he went to the City of Warren to General or Colo. Guthrie Sumner who gave him his discharge for the sd. touer of nine months. He kept his discharge several years and sold it to a W. Jno. Hall for six dollars that he does not know of any person by whom he can prove this service.

After he had been at been at home about two years he enlisted again in the three months service under Capt. Benjamin Eaves at Lewisburg in the state of North Carolina, where he imediately marched up the country, through a part of Virginia and again into North Carolina to the county of Guilford. There they joined the army commanded by General Green where he remained but a few days before the Guilford fight took place. He was in that fight and recollects that a Colo. Williams on the day of the fight commanded that part of the army that he was in after the fight our company was confused and scattered. We were collected again near Rocky River, while the British army made a short stay at Ramsey’s Mill. We understood they stayed but a short time moved on towards Halifax North Carolina. We made but a short stay at Rocky River. We were marched from there to Camden town in South Carolina where we stayed but a few days. We were then marched over the Catawba River where we stayed but a few days before our term of service expired and we received our discharges but by what officer they were granted I do not now recollect. I took care of my discharge for several years & was told that it was no account and what has become of it now I know not. I know of no person now living by whom I can prove this three months service. My miss mates while in the service or a part of them whose names I recollect were Ozzy Ball, Drew Jones & William Smith. I have heard of the death of Ball & Jones. I cannot tell what has become of Smith. I have continued since I left the army to live in the counties of Franklin and Granville in North Carolina. I have no documentary evidence by which I can prove any part of this service. I hereby relinquish every claim whatever to a pension or annuity except the present and declare that my name is not on the pension role of the agency of any state.
Signed and sworn to in open court.
Edward (X) his mark Going


We Samuel Rust of Weakley County of the state of Tennessee, and Anderson Paschall & Wm. M. Sneed, both of the county of Granville & state of North Carolina do testify and declare that the said Samuel Rust declares that he has been acquainted with Edward Going who has taken oaths(???) ordered & sworn to the forgoing declaration for about fifty years and that he has ever supported the character of an honest man and an industrious and good citizen & that he served as a soldier in Revolutionary war. The said Anderson Paschall declares that Edward Going who has made the written declaration has lived on the land this applicant since 1827 and that he has been well acquainted with him during that time. That he has often heard him state his services in the Revolutionary war, that his statements have been uniformly the same or substantially the same and that they corroborate the statement made in the foregoing declaration sworn to by him. He further declares that he has ever remained (??) himself so far as he knows as an honest & industrious will meaning man. William M. Sneed declares on oath that he has been acquainted with Edward Going the maker of the within declaration for now that fifteen years that he has ever supported the character of an honest industrious well desposed man & that he considers him to be such.
Sworn to & subscribe in open court.
Saml. Rust
Anderson Purshall
W. M. Sneed

And the said court do hereby declare this opinion after investigation of the matter and after putting the interrogatories presented by the war department that the above mentioned applicant was a revolutionary war soldier and served as he testifies. And the court further certifies that Saml. Rust now of Tennessee state formerly of Granville County and Anderson Paschall and Wm. M. Sneed, who has signed the proceeding certificate are residence of the said county of Granville & are credible persons and that their statement is entitled to credit.
James Wyche ?????
Jacob Taylor J. P.
Lewis Green J. P.

I Stephen K Sneed clerk of the court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions of the county of Granville and State of North Carolina do hereby certify that the forgoining contains the original proceedings of the said court in the matter of the application of Edward Going for a pension.
In testimony whereas I have proceeded to set my hand and seal of office at office in Gxford this the 10th day of August A D 1832.
Step K Sneed ??

Note – There were two short additional pages that are not included in this transcription.

Original documents for the above can be viewed at Footnote.
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1835 Pensioners
EDWARD GOINGGRANVILLE COUNTYPRIVATE5TH REGIMENTCOL. EATON$40.00 ANNUAL ALLOWANCE$120.00 AMOUNT RECEIVEDMAY 29, 1833 PENSION STARTEDAGE 92
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Information on Thomas Goin from many Goins descendants and submitted by Lynn with permission.
Visit Lynn's website at:
http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~famtrees/

This is a GOIN that came migrated in the late 1800s from Virginia/North Carolina counties. The famous/infamous trial of Elijah GOIN (Thomas' sonor grandson) is included. Elijah was either brother or uncle to my Timothy GOIN who I may have found in Patrick County, VA. in 1870 listed as mulattomarried to a woman listed as black/mulatto.

1. GOIN, Thomas136. Thomas Goin was born about 1755 in Brunswick Co., VA. He died on 22May 1838 in Claiborne Co., TN. He was buried in Old Big Barren Cemetery,Claiborne Co., TN. The cemetery is now at the bottom of Lake Norris. He was married to Rebecca Clark about 1775. BRUNSWICK COUNTY, VIRGINIA Brunswick County was organized in 1720 with land taken from three counties; Prince George, Isle of Wight and Surry. Thomas Goin was born in Brunswick County about 1755, according to Varion Elmer Goin, a descendant of Jefferson, Oregon and a Foundation researcher.

"Thomas Going" was mentioned in "Brunswick County, Virginia Court OrderBooks, 1737 & 1749." An index listed him in volume I, page 254.

Other individuals who appeared in the index include: "Anne Going, Volume 1,pages 321, 353 and 379; Drury Going, Volume 1, page 302; Edward Going,Volume 3, page 388; Elsoner Going, Volume 1, page 302; John Going, Volume1, page 254; Michael Going, Volume 2, pages 37 and 78; William Going,Volume 3, page 102 and 202, William Going, Planter, Volume 3, page 204 [2]and Mary Gowing, Volume 1, page 302." Mary Gowing, above, is identified as the mother of Drury Going and Elsoner Going by Donna V. Gowin Johnston, family researcher of Casper, Wyoming. She cites a Brunswick County Court order of April 3, 1740 in which it was"ordered that Elsoner Going and Drury Going, sons to Mary Gowing be boundas the law directs to Ralph Jackson until they shall arrive to the age of twenty-one years," according to Order Book 1, page 302.

Four years earlier, John Going and Thomas Going, apparently brothers, possibly other sons of Mary Gowing, were also bound to Ralph Jackson on July 5, 1736, according to Order Book 1, page 254. "Thomas Going," living alone [or the head of a free colored household], was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1783 census of Greensville County, page 55, adjacent to Drury Going, according to "Heads of Families, Virginia, 1790." Drury Going was the head of a household of four, including two children. James Going was the head of a household of seven, including five children. Greensville County had been created in 1780 with land taken from Brunswick County.

Thomas Goin served in the Revolutionary War as a private in a militia company commanded by Capt. Turner Bynum, according to Varion Elmer Goin who died July 30, 1993. He quoted a letter from Thornton W. Mitchell, North Carolina State Archivist, dated October 26, 1978 who wrote, "Capt. Bynum was from Greensville County as were the majority of the men in his company." National DAR accepted Thomas Goin as a Revolutionary War soldier from Greensville County, and assigned No. 629059 to the file. Gerry A. Elbridge, a descendant was accepted on his record. "James Going" also served in the company commanded by Capt. Bynum, according to "The State Records of North Carolina" edited by Judge Walter Clark. Writing of her ancestor, Beverly J. Ellison Nelson, a descendant of Littleton, Colorado stated: "Although many researchers descended from the various branches of theThomas Goin [1755 & 1838] family have sought to establish his origins, to date no firm connection exists. The primary clue is in the consistent census listing of North Carolina as the birthplace of his oldest known son Levi. But, even that may simply refer to that portion of North Carolina which became Tennessee."

The question of Thomas Goin being a negro, a mulatto or a Melungeon came up in a court case tried in Claiborne County, Tennessee in 1855. His great? grandson Elijah Goin was accused of being a mulatto, and he filedsuit against his accuser. Certain information was introduced into evidence: The "mulatto and negro" charge had serious implications. The Territory Actof 1794 and the Tennessee Constitution of 1796 declared, "all negroes,mulattos and Indians and persons of mixed blood, descended from negro orIndian ancestors to the third generation inclusive, though one ancestor of each generation may have been a white person, whether bond or free, shouldbe held deemed to be incapable in law to be a witness in any casewhatsoever, except against each other." The Act also forbad such persons from obtaining marriage licenses, voting, owning land, paying taxes, making wills, owning slaves or holding office.Their civil rights were denied. Even in Revolutionary days and in the War of 1812, negroes and mulattos could not serve as soldiers. A few were utilized in non-combatant roles as cooks and teamsters.

The first proven official record for Thomas Goin is the North CarolinaLand Grant No. 657 issued for 225 acres in Washington County, Tennessee"upon the waters of Cherokee Creek. joining Tiptons line," entered June 29, 1779 and issued October 26, 1786. The Tipton Farm, now a tourist attraction, still exists near Jonesborough, Tennesse, according to Carol Anne Ledford, family researcher. In the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions held November 1, 1784 in Washington County, North Carolina [which later became Washington County,Tennessee] Thomas Goin was appointed constable. He was granted 225 acres, described as Grant No. 751, on Cherokee Creek inWashington County October 26, 1786. The grant was signed by I. Glasgone Lee and R. C. Caswell. He served on several jury panels there, according to the county court records and was in court in Jonesborough, the county seat, on the day that Andrew Jackson was admitted to the bar.

In 1786 Thomas Goin received another land grant, No. 756, according to "North Carolina Land Grants in Tennessee, 1778-1791." The land was described as 225 acres "on the watersof the Nolachucky, adjoining a bank of rocks." This transaction was actually a purchase grant, paid for by cash or certificate. In the August term of 1787 Alex Moffatt had sworn "That he had lost a bond, the property of Thomas Goan, concerning 200 acres on Middle Creek. It was given by Isaac Taylor to Ralph Hedgepath who assigned it to John Cassady who assigned it to Goan," according to "Washington County, Tennessee Deeds,1775-1800."

In 1787, "Thomas Gooin" received Grant No. 2015 for 300 acres of land onLicking Creek, "including his improvements" in Greene County, Tennessee.This grant was paid for in cash. Greene County had been formed in 1783with land taken from Washington County.

In 1788, "Thomas Goin" applied to the County Court of Greene County forthe administration of the estate of Elizabeth Bass, according to "Bulletin of the Watauga Association," Volume 10: "August 1788. On motion of W. Avery, Esqr. atto. for Thomas Going for obtaining letter of administration on the Estate of Elizabeth Bass, decd.ordered that the same be laid over until next term, for proof of sanguinity [kinship, blood relationship] & that a dedimus potestatem [acommission to take testimony] issue in favour of said Thomas Going to Anson & Richmond Counties & to the State of South Carolina by giving fifteen days notice to Jeremiah Bass of the time & place where such testimony will be taken, ditto for Levi Bass to South Carolina giving Thos. Going fifteen days notice at least."

Edward Gowen of Granville County, North Carolina, regarded as a kinsman of Thomas Goin, was also named an heir of Elizabeth Bass. On October 14, 1788 he conveyed his interest in her estate to "his nephew, Thomas Gowen,"according to Granville County Will Book 2, page 79.

"October 14, 1788. Know all men by these presents that I Edward Gowen ofthe County of Granville for divers good causes and considerationsthereunto [me] moving more especially for the sum of A25 to me in handpaid, the receipt of which I do hereby acknowledge, hath bar? gained, sold& made over, and by these presents, do bargain, sell and make over to my nephew, Thomas Gowen all the estate, right and interest I have or hereafter may have to the estate of Elizabeth Bass, deceased, or any part thereof, and do hereby make over the same to the said Thomas Gowin, hisheirs and assigns from the claim of me, the said Edward Gowen or any other person whatever claiming under me. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal the 15th day of October, 1786. Edward Going Witnesses: Henry Meghe Allin Hudson Jhn. [X] Simmons"

By 1786 Thomas had established himself in Washington County, and his nameis included among those who voted in the election in August 1786 at the Courthouse in Jonesborough, Tennessee.

In 1788, 1789, and 1790, ThomasGoin was No. 26 on the tax list of Washington County, North Carolina with"1 white poll," indicating that he had located on his grant. In 1789 shown as No. 33 was Jonathan Tipton whose political problems had erupted in gunfire.

"Thomas Goin, Pvt," assigned this land in 1792 to Lardner Clark,later a prominent attorney in Nashville, Tennessee. The land of Thomas Goin on Cherokee Creek was levied on by the sheriff and was sold at auction January 4, 1795, according to Washington County Deed Book 7, page 209?12. The entry read:"Edmund Williams. Late sheriff of Washington County to Alexander Moffett against Thomas Goins, defendant, in 1788 levied against 275 acres onCherokee Creek. Bid: A40, 1 shilling, 8 pence. Adjoining Jonathan Tipton,R Bayley, Bailey's land not sold at first sale because of no bidders; second sale Feb. 1788,. Alex Moffatt. highest bidder. Signed: Edmund Williams. Witnesses: Waighstill Avery, Andrew Greer, Amos Ball. Court Term: Sept 1795."

In 1788, Thomas Goin sold his land in Greene County and moved westward to newly created Hawkins County, Tennessee from which Claiborne would becreated in 1801. Thomas Goin didn't come to Claiborne County; the county came to him. He appeared there as a taxpayer, along with his sons, Levi Goin and Uriah Goin on Big Barren Creek in 1799 in "Capt. Coxes company.

"The postoffice of Goin, Tennessee would be named for this pioneer's family in 1884. Goin still exists today, but the postoffice was discontinued in1965.

In 1802, he and his sons helped to build the road to Tazewell, Tennessee, and were appointed its overseers.

On Saturday, November 1, 1803, he was instrumental in establishing the Big Barren Primitive Baptist Church."Thomas Going" was recorded as No. 3 on the church roster of the men. No.3 on the women's roster was "Elizabeth Going," possibly the wife of Thomas Goin. He served on Claiborne County jury panels and in 1833 was listed as a"white male" taxpayer.

Thomas Goin died in 1838, according to Big Barren Primitive Baptist ChurchRecord Book 2, and was buried in Old Big Barren Church Cemetery which adjoined the church. The site is now at the bottom of Norris Lake, and itis unknown if the graves were moved before the lake was created. His will was recorded in the Claiborne County courthouse. Fifteen years after his death, his descendants were tormented in the community by accusations that they were descended from "niggers and mulattos." The family had distinct Melungeon features, but attributed the mixed-blood characteristics to Indian and/or Portuguese ancestry.

For adetailed account of this incident, see Record # 117 in this data base for James Smith Falkner (family notes).

Known children of Thomas Goin include:
Edwina Goin born in 1774
Levi Goin born November 2, 1779
Sarah Goin born about 1782
Uriah Goin born about 1785
Isaac Abraham Goin born about 1789

Richard Glenn Bonds, a descendant of Midland, Texas, wrote February 11,1994 that a fourth son, William Goin was born to Thomas Goin.

137. Rebecca Clark. Children were:
i. Edwina Goin was born about 1774 in Virginia. She died in Jan 1858.
ii. Levi Goin was born on 2 Nov 1779 in Washington Co., NC (Now TN). He appeared on the census in 1830 in Claiborne Co., TN. He died on 19 Jun 1865 in Grainger Co., TN. Levi's death was recorded in the clerk's book ofthe Big Barren Baptist Church. He was buried on 21 Jun 1865 in Big Barren Primative Baptist Church, Goin, Claiborne Co., TN. He was Baptist in Big Barren Primative Baptist Church, Goin, Claiborne Co., TN. Big BarrenPrimative Baptist Church was covered by Lake Norris. Levi was the Clerk ofthe church.
iii. Sarah Goin was born about 1782 in North Carolina.
68 iv. Uriah Goin Sr..
v. Isaac Abraham Goin was born about 1783 in Claiborne Co., TN. He died on26 Dec 1875 in Claiborne Co., TN. He was buried on 28 Dec 1875 in PleasantPoint Cemetery, Goin, Claiborne Co., TN.
vi. William Goin. Richard Glenn Bonds, a GOIN descendant living in Midland, Texas, wrote February 11, 1994 that a fourth son, William Goinwas born to Thomas Goin.

********Note
Message received on May 7, 2008 from Hal Houser regarding the above:

. GOIN, Thomas136. Thomas Goin was born about 1755 in Brunswick Co.,
VA. He died on 22May 1838 in Claiborne Co., TN. He was buried in Old
Big Barren Cemetery,Claiborne Co., TN. The cemetery is now at the
bottom of Lake Norris. He was married to Rebecca Clark about 1775.
BRUNSWICK COUNTY, VIRGINIA Brunswick County was organized in 1720

Thomas Goin was married to Jemima Sinnes not Rebecca Clark. Per Beverly Ellison Nelson,Clark was erroneously submitted on a DAR application. The DAR and Gowen Foundation have removed the misinformation from their records.

Hal Houser


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3 comments:

  1. I am at a loss to find ANY info
    re: my ggrandmother, CHARATA BROWN
    WEELDON, who is listed as born in 1833 NC.
    Family lore tells of HER being of
    Native American heritage, yet after
    13yrs of research, I am still w/o
    any info or answers.
    NO ONE claims kinship to my family line, nor does anyone offer any info on it.
    Wonder if anyone out there has ANY
    advice for me?

    Sincerely,
    carol wheeldin warren.

    ReplyDelete
  2. I have been working on my sister's family tree and I just saw Varion E Goins name. This is her Grandfather. Any information at all on the family or tribe would be greatly helpful. Thank you!

    Keri Campbell

    ReplyDelete
  3. Brown was a descendant surname and also a general name for indians and mixed bloods and some associated black families as well, of course. By the way, I note that D. Boone was connected to General G. Washington in the Battle of Brandywine in the French and Indian War, not the Brandywine of the U.S. Revolustion. Boone may have been in the Revolutionary Battle of Blue Licks, KY, one of the last battles of the U.S. Revolution. Also note that Goingsnake or Goinsnake is a name connected to some Cherokee, Lumbee and affiliated bands and tribes and family groups like the Rattler or Ratliff familiies, as well as Gillum or Gollum or Gullum.

    ReplyDelete