Sunday, March 23, 2008

Warren County, GA Early Records

Records Collection Submitted by Anna Going Friedman

May 18, 1836
Kemper County, MI
Revolutionary War Pension of James Goyne

GOYNE, James. b. 05/30/1755 Mecklenburg Co, VA; sef 1776 Camden Disctrict, SC, where resided; mvd 1784 to Burke Co, GA, for c 5 years, thence Warren Co, GA for c 2 years; thence Washington Co, GA for c 5 years, thence Hancock Co, GA for c3 years, thence St. Elena Parish, LA for c 5 years, thence Lawrence Co, MS for c 2 years, thence Copiah Co MS, lastly to Kemper Co MS where PN 1836. F-S30442 R1103

Source: Virginia and West Virginia General Data from Revolutionary War Pension and Bounty Land Warrant Records Vol. 2 compiled by Patrick G. Wardell, Heritage Books, INC 1990, Bowie, MD pg 201.


Ref: (ibid), page 160 Moses Going; 500 acres of Land; Price peer acre: 3.6; Warren county, Ogechee River, Adjoining: Abercombie & Ship. 1793
1794 Tax List
Moses Going – page 160 Hubberts District
William Going - page 160 Hubberts District

Family Data Collection -
Isaac Bankston (son of Daniel Bankston) married Mary J. Goins on Dec 2, 1794 in Warren Co., GA.

Some Georgia County Records, Vol. 1 – Lucas

Page 132, 133: DEED dated 29 May 1795, rec. 13 Aug. 1798, from MOSES GOING and wife AGNES (x) of Warren Co. Ga. To JAMES COZART of aforesaid. In cons. Of 100 pds., conveys 684 ac. In Franklin Co. Wit: JAMES SAUNDERS, PROSSER HORTON. Sworn to by HORTON before M. HUBERT, J.P. 2 Dec. 1797.

Pages 221-222: Sept. 22, 1795, ELEAZER MOBLEY of Warren Co., to FRANCIS BECK of same for 50 pounds, land near GOING’S Mill, originally granted to GEO. BREWER Oct. 29 1789. ELEAZER MOBLEY (EM Seal). Wit: LEWIS HARVIE, SAMUEL FIELDS. Rec. Dec. 8, 1796.

Pages 632-633: March 7, 1799, LEWIS WRIGHT, Sheriff of Warren Co. to MOSES GOING, whereas HENRY CANDLER & MOSES GOING each obtained a judgment in Inferior Court against WILLIAM SANDERS, 352 acres, the greater part of a grant to IGNATIUS FEW, June 18, 1793, adj. WOOTEN, WILLIAM, ALEXANDER…..LEWIS WRIGHT (SEAL). Wit: ANDERSON BERRY, JNO. MCMURRAIN (X). Rec. May 5, 1800.

Georgia Department of Archives and History, Reel No. 2-2310

By his Excellency James Jackson Captain General, Governor, and Commander in Chief in and over the faid State, and of the Militia thereof.
To all to whom thefe Prefents fhall come, Greeting:
KNOW YE, That in pursuance of the Act for opening the Land Office, and by virtue of the powers in me vefted, I HAVE given and granted, and, by thfe prefents, in the name and behalf of the faid ftate, DO give and grant unto Moses Goins his heirs and affigns forever, ALL that tract or parcel of land containing Sixty acres fituate, lying, and being in the county of Warren in the faid ftate, and butting and bounding northwest by Lawrences Land, Southwest by W Andrews Goinens land, and East by Nobley’s Land, ___________
Having fuch fhape, form and marks, as appear by a plat of the fame hereunto annexed; together with all and fingular the rights, members, and appurtenances thereof , whatfoever, to the faid tract or parcel of land belonging, or in any wife appertaining; and alfo all the eftate, right, title, intereft, claim, and demand of the ftate aforefaid, of, in to, or out of, the fame: TO HAVE premifes aforefaid, with their and every of their rights, members, and appurtenances, unto the faid Moses Goins his heirs and affigns to his and their own proper ufe and behoof forever, in Fee Simple.
GIVEN under my hand, and the great feal of the faid ftate, this twenty third day of January in the year of our Lord one thoufand feven hundred and ninety nine; and in the twenty third year of American Independence.
Signed by his Excellency the Governor, the 23rd day of Jany, 1799 Jas Jackson
Thomas Johnson J.P
Registered, the 24th day of Jany, 1799


Letter received by Anna Going Friedman concerning the above Sixty acres of land granted to Moses Going dated 5 October 2004 from: State of Georgia, Secretary of State, Division Of Archives And History, 5800 Jonesboro Road, Morrow, Georgia 30260-1101, 678-364-3700,

Dear Ms. Friedman:

Thank you for your recent inquiry regarding the warrant for survey that was issued in behalf of Moses Going, which survey he was qualified to receive on his family headright. In Georgia the first post- Revolutionary land act passed the assembly on 17 February 1783. It and an amendment passed on 1 August 1783 became the fundamental law by which all headright grants of the state were issued.

Under the headright law, each head of family was allowed two hundred acres plus fifty additional acres for each family member or slave. The total amount was not to exceed one thousand acres. The applicant received the first two hundred acres free but paid a fee, on a sliding scale, of one shilling to four shillings six pence per acre for each additional acre. Fees for lands were dropped entirely in 1785 but were reinstated in 1831. In all cases the applicant paid the cost of surveying and paperwork. Surveys generally were irregular in shape and were described by land features and monuments that were erected.

Any U.S. citizen who was a resident of Georgia was entitled to a grant. Before receiving the grant the applicant was required to settle on the tract for twelve months and improved three out of every one hundred acres. Strict application of the requirements for settling and improving was found impractical, and the requirements were modified in 1785. Beginning that year the applicant had to settle on the land and improve three out of every one hundred acres within eighteen months of receiving the grant, or the land would be subject to a treble tax.

To obtain a headright grant, the applicant had to appear before the land court in the county where the land he desired was located, describe the tract for which he wished to obtain a warrant, and take an oral oath declaring that he was legally entitled to a grant. If the land court approved, the applicant was issued a warrant for a survey that described, as far as practicable, the tract desired. Moses Going received a warrant survey in 1797 for sixty acres. It appears that he sold away part of the acreage for which he qualified (this was common). Any other land that he owned was purchased by warranty deed, from the citizens to whom the land was granted by the state or from those to whom the grantees had sold the land. These are the conveyances of land you found recorded in the Superior Court deed books.

A distinguished Georgia land historian has said that “land speculation and land fraud are about as American as baseball and apple pie.” Georgia was exposed to two major land-fraud scandals, and the people of Georgia resolved in all future dispositions of public lands to guard against every opportunity for fraud and corruption. It adopted a rectangular system of land subdivision for surveying out the remaining two-thirds of the state, and it adopted the lottery as a means for distributing these lands.

The first land lottery was held in 1805. Participants included Drury, John, and William Goin, Jr. of Wilkes County; Hardy Goins of Hancock County; and William Gouyen of Warren County. Only Hardy and William Jr. were fortunate drawers. For the second or 1807 land lottery we have only the names of fortunate drawers. John Goyne of Wilkes County was a fortunate drawer in 1807. It is not known whether they took up their grants without searching the grant books. It was 1820 before another lottery was conducted (then 1821, 1827, two in 1832, and the last in 1833).

I hope that this information clarifies some of your confusion concerning Georgia land records. The thirteen original colonies-and then states-granted all of their own land. The federal government was not involved, and so the methods adopted were not exactly like what you would find in Tennessee or Kentucky and other states. Another example of state grants is in the Western Reserve in Ohio, which was the reserve of land put aside by the federal government for Connecticut to reward her Revolutionary War veterans. Georgia is the largest land-mass state east of the Mississippi River, and Connecticut was not so well endowed. Within the Reserve, Connecticut had absolute authority over the granting on land to her soldiers.

Yours truly,
Sandra J. Boling
Research Archivist

Warren Co., GA wills 1790-1890
Goynne, William s/jan 4, 1816 p/ sept. 1817
Daughters: Rebecca Dick, Alice King
Sons: Tyre, Hiram, John, Drury, William, Hardy
Grandsons: John, Mount Hermon, children of Hardy

1818 Warren County, GA, Capt. Roger’s dist., tax digest
Nancy Goine, widow


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